Main global sustainable development agendas
Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
The 2030 Agenda is the main international consensus for the promotion of sustainable development, a concept that was established in 1987 by the “Our Common Future” Report and is defined as “development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the capacity of future generations to meet their own needs.
Adopted in 2015 by the member countries of the United Nations as a result of a negotiation process in which multiple stakeholders (civil society, private sector, academia) participated, the 2030 Agenda is made of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that are disaggregated into 169 specific targets. Around these Objectives, an analysis chapter was built on how the world was at the time of its adoption and what should be achieve by the end of 2030. Likewise, the means of implementation for the SDGs were defined, and a monitoring and review framework was created.
The Agenda also defines five critical working areas known as the “5Ps”: people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships. In addition, the text mentions a series of principles that should guide action —including that of “leaving no one behind”, interdependence between the SDGs, universality of the Agenda, multi-stakeholder work, and integrated approach to sustainable development, among others— .
➡ Check out the official text of the 2030 Agenda here
The Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing Development
Adopted by the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in the city of Addis Ababa in July 2015, it expresses a global agreement in terms of financing for sustainable development, whether public or private, national or international, and identifies seven intersectoral areas where efforts should be concentrated: 1. Provision of social protection and essential public services for all; 2. Scaling up efforts to end hunger and malnutrition; 3. Overcoming deficiencies in infrastructure; 4. Promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization; 5. Generation of full and productive employment and decent work for all and promotion of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises; 6. Protection of ecosystems; and 7. Promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies.
The Addis Ababa Action Agenda includes references to both the mobilization of internal and international financial resources, whether public or private, and lays the foundation for the establishment of a Technology Facilitation Mechanism to promote its transfer.
➡ Check out the official text of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda here
Although this agreement, adopted in December 2015 and in force since November 2016, is not technically an “agenda” but a legally binding document that reinforces the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, it has become the benchmark for policy planning and adoption of measures to prevent and adapt to Climate Change globally.
Its objective of combating climate change is expressed in the goal of keeping the increase in world temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, trying to achieve an increase limit of 1.5 degrees centigrade. To this end, the Paris Agreement promotes a sustainable technological framework; the improvement of actions to promote national capacities for action against climate change and its consequences; and the mobilization of the financial resources that this requires.
The Agreement also establishes a mechanism to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and obliges all ratifying countries to submit “nationally determined contributions” and periodically report on their emissions and on their implementation efforts, creating a national emissions inventory that is updated every five years to assess progress and report on new individual actions taken or to be taken by countries.
➡ Check out the official text of the Paris Agreement here